Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace
Inscribed: 1994,2000,2001 Criteria: C (i) (iv) (vi)
The Potala Palace, winter palace of the Dalai Lama since the 7th century, symbolizes Tibetan Buddhism and its central role in the traditional administration of Tibet. The complex, comprising the White and Red Palace with their ancillary buildings, is built on Red Mountain in the centre of Lhasa Valley , at an altitude of 3,700m. Also founded in the 7th century ,the Jokhang Temple Monastery is an exceptional Buddhist religious complex. Norbulingka, the Dalai Lama’s former summer palace, constructed in the 18th century, is a masterpiece of Tibetan art. The beauty and originality of the architecture of these three sites, their rich ornamentation and harmonious integration in a striking landscape, add to their historic and religious interest.
The Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China, was the boss living arrangement of the Dalai Lama until the fourteenth Dalai Lama fled to India amid the 1959 Tibetan uprising. It is currently an exhibition hall and World Heritage Site. The royal residence is named after Mount Potalaka, the legendary home the bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. The fifth Dalai Lama began its development in 1645 after one of his otherworldly consultants, Konchog Chophel, brought up that the site was perfect as a seat of government, arranged as it is in the middle of Drepung and Sera cloisters and the old city of Lhasa. It may overlay the remaining parts of a prior fortification called the White or Red Palace, on the site manufactured by Songtsän Gampo in 637.
Potala Palace is made out of 2 sections, the Red Palace as the middle and the White Palace as two wings.
• The Red Palace
The Red Palace is the most astounding part in the middle that is totally dedicated to religious study and Buddhist supplication to God. It was painted to red to speak to stateliness and force. It comprises of a confounded format of distinctive corridors, sanctuaries and libraries on numerous levels with an exhibit of littler exhibitions and slowing down: The Great West Hall, Dharma Cave, The Saint's Chapel, The Tomb of the Thirteenth Dalai Lama and so forth. The 725 sq meters (around 7,804 sq ft) Great West Hall is the biggest corridor of Potala Palace, with lovely paintings painted on its internal dividers. Around the Great West Hall are three sanctuaries, the east sanctuary, the north church and additionally the south house of prayer. The Dharma Cave and the Saint's Chapel are the main two remained developments of the seventh century with the statues of Songtsen Gampo, Princess Wen Cheng, and Princess Bhrikuti inside.
• The White Palace
The White Palace once served as the workplace building of Tibet nearby government makes up the living quarters of Dalai Lama. Its divider was painted to white to pass on peace and calm. The Great East Hall on the fourth floor, possessing a space of 717 sq meters (around 7,718 sq ft), was the site for groundbreaking religious and political occasions. The fifth and sixth floors are utilized as the living quarters and workplaces of officials while the seventh floor, the main one, is the living quarters of Dalai Lama comprising of two sections named the East Chamber of Sunshine and the West Chamber of Sunshine because of the copious daylight.
CNY 200 (May 1-Oct.31); CNY 100 (Nov. 1-Apr. 30)
07:30 - 18:40 (May 1-Oct.31);
• Take bus no. 7, 11, 13, 20, 21 or 22, get off at Minhangju Station and then walk to the ticket office.
• Take bus no. 1, 7, 12, 14, 20 or 23, get off at Longwangtandongmen Station and then walk to the ticket office.